Applied Physics Researches Division (APRD)

New publication in peer-reviewed journal

Posted on Apr 20, 2018

Our new paper has been published in “The Journal of Electronic Materials” monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal (Impact factor: 1.579 (2016))  and is available for downloading:



This paper reports the formation of structural defects in the lattice of silicon (n-Si) single crystals, as a result of irradiation by different intensities and pulses of electrons. The samples were studied by means of Hall effect measurements of electro-physical parameters (specifically the concentration of the main charge carriers) as a function of temperature and radiation dose. The role of the radiation current density (pulse height) is discussed, which gives rise to a peculiar behavior in the electrical-physical properties of n-Si. In particular, thermal processes are found not to develop, due to the ultrafast (pulse duration in the range 10−12–10−13s) nature of the incident radiation, which causes an almost “pure” energy interaction to occur between the radiation and the atoms within the crystal, and the formation of cluster defects. A scheme for the time-scale of the formation of these radiation defects is presented. From the dose and temperature dependences of the concentration of main charge carriers, the radiation defects introduction rates were determined.






This paper reports results from an investigation of the interaction of displaced Si-self atoms (I) and their vacancies (V), with impurities in crystalline silicon (Si), as induced by micro-second pulse duration irradiation with electrons at different energies: 3.5, 14, 25 and 50 MeV and pico-second pulse duration with energy 3.5 MeV. V-V, I-impurity atom and V-impurity atom interactions are analyzed both experimentally and as modeled using computer simulations. A process of divacancy (V2) accumulation in the dose-dependent linear region is investigated. The effect of impurities on recombination of correlated divacancies, and I-atoms that had become displaced from regular lattice points is estimated by computer modeling of an appropriate diffusion-controlled process. It is concluded that the experimental results can be interpreted quantitatively in terms of a strongly anisotropic quasi-one-dimensional diffusion of displaced I-atoms. In addition, a significant difference is found between the effects of pico-second duration electron beam irradiation, which causes the formation of A-centre (V + Oxygen) clusters, while when the beam is applied on a micro-second timescale, divacancies are created instead, although the electrons have the same energy in both cases.